After our visit to Bihar, we are now travelling to Chhattisgarh. It is situated in Central India and is the 10th largest state in terms of area and stands 16th in terms of population.It is one of the fastest developing country in India.The whole country almost depends on this state for its steel and electricity!
This state was formed on November 1st 2000 and was earlier a part of Madhya Pradesh. Its capital now is Raipur and has 27 districts.
If the name sounds interesting, there are a few theories regarding it. Chhathis means 36 and garh means fort.In the olden days, it is said to have comprised of 36 feudal territories.But somehow this theory cannot be agreed with as we cannot find 26 forts in this region now.
Historians also say that it has been formed from the corrupted term- Chedisgarg, meaning the Empire of the Chedis / Dynasty.
It is interesting to note that the state animal is the Wild water buffallo, the state bird the Hill myna and the state tree -Sal / Sarai.Many International brand chocolates use the butter from the Balsar Sal tree !Now, isn't that something!
Chhattisgarh boasts beautiful waterfalls, hot water springs,caves with pre-historic paintings, archaeological sites,temples and dams.
Coming to the cuisine part, just like any other Indian state, this cuisine too is influenced by the neighboring states cuisine. Owing to the large tribal population,the food in this state is divided into the tribal and non tribal cuisine.
The traditional and tribal food are rice / rice flour based. No wonder because this state is said to be the rice bowl of central India.
Apart from rice, green leafy vegetables,curd / yogurt are also consumed in a meal.A local brew is a favorite among the locals and is prepared from the Mahuwa flower and is a very heady concoction.I read that the people of this state are fond eating sweets at the end of a meal!
Even though rice is the staple food here, wheat , maize and jower are also used owing to the influence form the neighboring states. Toor dal / Arhar dal is the favored and most widely used pulse here along with the other pulses which are cooked alone or in combination with green leafy vegetables / other vegetables.
The tribal cuisine of this state is very distinct. It was hard for me to digest the fact that they eat red ants, squirrels and rats! Red ant chutney is said to be a tribal delicacy!
Apart from this pork, mushrooms are their preferred food and pork being the most favored. In fact, an offering of pigs as sacrifice is a ritual that is followed to mark the beginning of something auspicious!Rakhia Badi and Petha are some of the dishes that are unique to the tribal folks of this state. Rice beer and Saphi are the popular tribal beverages.
The non tribal cuisine uses a wide range of cereals and vegetables and hence their diet is very balanced and provides the necessary nutrients.On the other had the tribal cuisine is devoid of all these and hence recent studies of the tribal children show that they have a low nutritional status.
There are several festivals that eh people of this state celebrate and they are indigenous to the tribal and non tribal folks.And during these festivals traditional dishes are prepared and served.
The weekly markets are called Haat Bazaar and the local produce is sold there.Everything from the tribal produce to local beer and live red ants can be found here!
After a walk through the culture and cuisine of Chhattisgarh, it time to cook up a dish from this state.Today's post is a simple dal khadi that goes well with rice....
|Batkar Kadhi served with Steamed rice, Ghee and Crispies|
Whole masoor dal is used in this recipe and below you will find the difference between the whole and split lentils....
Behind the scene:
I had bookmarked sometime back and it was apt for this state. I made a small portion of this for lunch along with the regular lunch dishes. I liked this a lot as I am a huge fan of yogurt. The kids like it but hubby found it a bit bland as I used very less chilies. HE is found of spicy stuffs so it is no wonder that he found this bland!
Now to the recipe:
Adapted from - Cooking and Recipes
Whole masoor dal- 1 cup
Slightly sour yogurt - 2 cups
Red chili -1
Fenugreek seeds- 1/2 teaspoon
Mustard seeds- 1/2 teaspoon
Garlic-2 pods, minced
Turmeric powder- 1/4 teaspoon
Chili powder- 1/2 teaspoon
Salt to taste
Oil- 1 teaspoon
Soak the dal in water for 2 hours. Drain and add 2 cups of water and pressure cook for 5 minutes / 1 whistle. Let the pressure release naturally. Drain the excess water and use it in soups or add a little salt and drink it up.
Take the curd in a bowl.Add turmeric powder, besan, chili powder, 1 cup water and whisk well and keep aside.
Heat oil in a pan and add the mustard and fenugreek seeds, green chili, red chili and garlic. Saute till the garlic turns light brown.
Pour the whisked curd / yogurt and bring to boil.
Add the cooked dal and simmer for 5 minutes.
Remove from heat and serve with steamed rice....
Serve this with steamed rice drizzled with some ghee...
- The original recipe is done the other way round. The whisked curd is heated and cooked dal is added to it. The tempering is done in another pan and poured into the dal mixture
- Traditionally mustard oil is used. I have used sunflower oil.
Labels: Better Half, Blogging Marathon, Chhattisgarh Cuisine, Khadi Varieties, Sides for Rice, Step-by-step Pictorial Recipes, Yumm Yoghurt